It also notes that it may be used "as a house-breaker". Ordnance QF 2-pounder - 40 mm weapon used at start of the war; ... Sherman Firefly - A Sherman rearmed with a British 17-pounder anti-tank gun, in addition to accompanying turret modifications. A variant of the 17-pounder, the 77mm HV, was used on the Comet tank. it lay on its side. , The PIAT was 39 inches (0.99 m) long and weighed 32 pounds (15 kg), with an effective direct fire range of approximately 115 yards (105 m) and a maximum indirect fire range of 350 yards (320 m).  Padding for the user's shoulder was fitted to the other end of the launcher, and rudimentary aperture sights were fitted on top for aiming; the bombs launched by the PIAT possessed hollow tubular tails, into which a small propellant cartridge was inserted, and shaped charge warheads. MANUFACTURERS. The most development was in the area of the anti-tank gun in order to gun to counter the heavier and more powerful German tanks, such as the Panther and the Tiger. AT shaped charge warhead design. When the trigger was pulled, the spring pushed the spigot rod (which has a fixed firing pin on the end) forwards into the bomb, which aligned the bomb, ignited the propellant cartridge in the bomb and launched it along the rod and into the air. There are a total of [ 16 ] WW2 Soviet Anti-Tank Guns (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. 68 AT Rifle Grenade. COUNTRIES. The resulting Cruiser Mark VIII Challenger had a longer hull and provided a larger turret, allowing the 17-pounder to be mounted along with space for a second loader, thought to be required for the gun's larger ammunition. Muzzle blast was also significant, described by crews of the anti-tank gun variant as resembling a hard slap on the chest.  It could be carried and operated by one man, but was usually assigned to a two-man team, the second man acting as an ammunition carrier and loader. , Six Victoria Crosses were awarded to members of the British and other Commonwealth armed forces for actions using the PIAT:, The PIAT remained in service until the early 1950s, when it was replaced initially by the ENERGA anti-tank rifle grenade and then the American M20 "Super Bazooka". and a considerable thickness of reinforced concrete". While the A29 was eventually cancelled without a successful design being produced, an amended specification, A30, reached production in 1943.  British Army and Royal Marines commandos were also issued with PIATs and used them in action.. Between 19 and 25 September 1944, during the, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 21:27. The PIAT was designed in 1942 in response to the British Army's need for a more effective infantry anti-tank weapon and entered service in 1943.  Three PIATs were issued to every company at the headquarters level for issuing at the CO discretion – allowing one weapon for each platoon. The standard REI ATG (as well as for their light SPATs (Semovente da 47/32) and ‘medium’ tanks (Carri M13/40, M14/41, and M15/42)) was the Bohler 47mm (early models were L/32 (32 calibre lengths), later ones L/40)). British 6pdr anti-tank gun in action in the desert, 3 September 1942 A contemporary (1944–45) Canadian Army survey questioned 161 army officers, who had recently left combat, about the effectiveness of 31 different infantry weapons. , PIATs were also used by French and Việt Minh forces during the First Indochina War. The larger 3" cartridge provided a greater propellant charge compared with normal 75mm shells. Impressed with the weapon, the Ordnance Board of the Small Arms School had the faults with the ammunition corrected, renamed the Shoulder Gun as the Projector, Infantry, Anti Tank, and ordered that it be issued to infantry units as a hand-held anti-tank weapon. 10,450, Weekly Reports, Canadian Small Arms Liaison Officer Overseas, 1941–1945, C-5167, Guide Technique de Sous-Officiers du l'Infanterie 1954, "Blacker, (Latham Valentine) Stewart (1887–1964)", "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", "Russia (British Empire war assistance)—House of Commons debate", "Vũ khí Việt Nam trong hai cuộc kháng chiến", SMLE No.1 Mk III* & Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=PIAT&oldid=995973587, World War II infantry weapons of the United Kingdom, Pages containing London Gazette template with parameter supp set to y, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  The Boys was also inadequate in the anti-tank role. , When Blacker became aware of the existence of shaped charge ammunition, he realized that it was exactly the kind of ammunition he was looking for to develop a hand-held anti-tank weapon, as it depended upon the energy contained within itself, and not the sheer velocity at which it was fired. During these trials, a skilled user was unable to hit a target more than 60% of the time at 100 yards (90 m), and faulty fuses meant that only 75% of the bombs fired detonated on-target. It can be fired once from a standard PIAT, it is not re-usable. Various shots of the crews operating the guns. The PIAT was first used during the Allied invasion of Sicily in 1943, and remained in use with British and other Commonwealth forces until the early 1950s. Initially used solely by the Royal Artillery’s anti-tank regiments comprising of four batteries, each with 12 guns. It was used against Japanese tanks, other vehicles and fortifications during the Borneo campaign of 1945. 1935. This new weapon, the 3-inch 17-pdr, became one of the best anti-tank guns of the war, able to penetrate the thickest armour at normal battle ranges. 1942. It possessed an effective range of approximately 115 yards (105 m) in a direct fire anti-tank role, and 350 yards (320 m) in an indirect fire role. 68 Anti-Tank Rifle Grenade - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/No._68_AT_Grenade No. Economical as it may be fired many times with new propellant cartridges. The gun was a modified design that was produced specifically for the Firefly. It was heavy, which meant that it was difficult for infantry to handle effectively, and was outdated; by 1940 it was effective only at short ranges, and then only against armoured cars and light tanks. Blacker took exception to this and suggested to Jefferis that they should divide any award equally after his expenses had been deducted. Although the PIAT was theoretically able to penetrate approximately 100 millimetres (4 in) of armour, field experience during the Allied invasion of Sicily, which was substantiated by trials conducted during 1944, demonstrated that this capability was often nullified by problems of accuracy and round reliability. MODERN ARMIES. The APDS was also considered to cause less damage to an enemy tank if it did penetrate the armour. The PIAT was based on the spigot mortar system, and projected (launched) a 2.5 pound (1.1 kg) shaped charge bomb using a cartridge in the tail of the projectile. , Due to these limitations, a new infantry anti-tank weapon was required, and this ultimately came in the form of the Projector, Infantry, Anti-Tank, commonly abbreviated to PIAT. Typically a battalion would be assigned to support a division. In November 1941 during Operation Crusader, part of the North African Campaign, staff officers of the British Eighth Army were unable to find even a single instance of the Boys' knocking out a German tank. of WW1 & WW2 (in those days, these guns were not used by Infantry, but most certainly, used in the Anti-Tank role) In WW2, the 25 Pdr. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). These served with Royal Artillery as self-propelled guns. Despite the difficulties in cocking and firing the weapon, it did have several advantages.  There were also problems with early ammunition reliability and accuracy. The user had to first place the PIAT on its butt, then place two feet on the shoulder padding and turn the weapon to unlock the body and simultaneously lock the spigot rod to the butt; the user would then have to bend over and pull the body of the weapon upwards, thereby pulling the spring back until it attached to the trigger and cocking the weapon. Used with the APDS shot, it was capable of defeating all but the thickest armour on German tanks. The Ordnance Quick-Firing 17-pounder (or just 17-pdr)[note 1] was a 76.2 mm (3 inch) gun developed by the United Kingdom during World War II. To account for this difference, tank squadrons were teamed with Challenger and Sherman Firefly tanks armed with the 17-pounder.  from the Inventions Board. Man-portable anti-tank systems are showcased here. The British fielded only one airborne gun in the anti-tank role: the Vickers Class S. This was designed around the naval 40 x 158R AA case, with special armour-piercing loadings. Manual says green, but museum examples seem to be brown. 1932. In that survey the PIAT was ranked the number one most “outstandingly effective” weapon, followed by the Bren gun in second place. Machine Guns.  For his part Blacker received £25,000 (equivalent to £1,087,000 in 2020). HOME. Instead of a barrel, there was a steel rod known as a 'spigot' fixed to a baseplate, and the bomb itself had a propellant charge inside its tail. As the war came to a close, the 17-pounder was also deployed on the Centurion tank, until ultimately being replaced by the 20-pounder. The 17-pounder was also successfully trialled on the Australian-designed Sentinel tank, though no Sentinels equipped with this gun entered service with the Australian Army. As such, it was much less powerful than the Army's 2 pdr anti-tank gun, but the attack speed of the aircraft helped to provide a penetration quoted as 50-55 mm (range and striking angle not specified). These regiment were up-graded as the war went on and by 1942 the more powerful 6 pdr was replacing the 2 pdr as the standard gun. The United States Army did not use the 17-pounder, though the gun was offered to US forces with a number of Sherman tanks modified for testing. 1. 2. MODERN ARMIES. Also known by the 17/25 pounder designation, a stop-gap measure named Pheasant mated the 17 pounder gun with a modified 25 pounder carriage. The new 50-calibre long gun, known as the Vickers HV 75 mm, fired a 75mm projectile attached to a necked down 3-inch (76.2 mm) 20 cwt AA gun cartridge through a modified breech. Typically the guns were grouped together in anti-tank battalions each with three batteries made up of four troops which operated four guns each. 2. While developing the Challenger tank, the British devised a conversion for their US-supplied M4 Sherman tanks to mount the 17-pounder. The A30 specification reduced weight and enabled the use of Cromwell tank components as a design expedient. , There was disagreement over the name to be given to the new weapon.  Churchill himself got involved in the argument; writing to the Secretary of State for war in January 1943 he asked "Why should the name Jefferis shoulder gun be changed to PIAT? 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